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Iroko wood treatment

Kostenlose Lieferung möglic Wood Treatment beim führenden Marktplatz für Gebrauchtmaschinen kaufen. Jetzt eine riesige Auswahl an Gebrauchtmaschinen von zertifizierten Händlern entdecke To prevent Iroko slatted seats from staining, aging or discolouring, teak oil can be used as a protective measure to repel water and shield the wood from sun and weather. Generally, it contains boiled linseed or tung oil as the main ingredient as well as mould inhibitors and chemicals that filter harmful ultraviolet rays Iroko will grey off like teak but so will every other wood as it gets bleached by the sun. I would not leave it bare personally. Iroko is not as stable as teak nor as resistant to rot etc. The grain is a bit wild and I would think you would not be happy with the result Treat Iroko hardwood products with a teak oil to keep its rich colour, otherwise leave it to weather naturally and it will look similar to oak, a silvery grey colour. Another product we have found to work we is Ronseal Hardwood Garden Furniture Oil

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Wood Treatment gebraucht - Gebraucht & günstig kaufe

197 months. [report] [news] Sunday 14th November 2010. I am having new wooden gates installed; oak posts and iroko gates. I wish to treat them with a stain/preservative but am overwhelmed by the. Iroko can also cause other health effects in sensitive individuals, such as asthma-like symptoms, boils, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Pricing/Availability: Iroko is imported and available for a moderate price. Veneer can also be seen for sale, and is. Iroko. Iroko is an African Hardwood. When freshly cut or unexposed to light it has a distinct yellow colour which cures to a rich golden brown. The grain is coarse, yet even, enhancing the natural beauty of the wood. Iroko is also known as 'African Teak' because of its similar appearance and durability. Caring for Iroko

Timber Cleaner, Treatment and Sealer maybe used on most hardwood furniture including Roble, Mahogany, Teak and Iroko. Timber Cleaner and Sealer are suitable for pressure treated Pine. Do not use Timber Treatment on softwoods such as Pine, instead use treatments that are produced specifically for Pine garden furniture such as Ronseal Sikkens Exterior Wood Treatments Seal and Protect. Modern exterior wood coatings are flexible and durable meaning that they rarely need to be stripped back to bare wood if maintained correctly, a firm favourite for exterior joinery such as wooden window frames and doors Furnitubes' standard supplementary treatment for Iroko is a UV protective finish in a tinted 'teak' colour that complements the natural hue of Iroko, so not only protecting against fading of but also supplementing the colouration. Other finish colours are available but are less well-matched to Iroko Using D1 Pro to protect Iroko Gates When Roger had completed the preparation of the gates it was time to apply the D1 Pro. D1 Pro's place is inside the wood, where it saturates it, feeding the wood with oil to replace those lost The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. The herbal medicine can also be used to unblock the throat from any blockages such as cough and cold

Tips for taking care of Iroko Timber Seats Goose Foo

Iroko Wood Lumber, also known as African teak Lumber is a dense African timber with the properties of genuine teak. It is lighter in color than teak and finishes to a golden brown. Iroko wood is tan to golden brown, very durable in the outdoors, used in the boating industry, and does blunts tools because of its hardness Iroko for Cladding Iroko is the ideal wood to use for your windows and doors. You can also use the iroko wood for cladding since it is an extremely durable timber with a class one status. It is usually the wood used for external applications because of its resistance to decay Filling recommended. Wood sometimes resistant to wood finish product: IROKO contains a non-saturated phenolic compound, the chlorophorin, which is a powerful anti-oxidant. It is then necessary to use paints or varnishes without free siccative oil, it is to say, synthetic resin based paints o If you are planning to remove the treatment and bring the Iroko back to bare wood I would recommend, firstly wiping over with Barrettine Methylated Spirits to remove the natural oil from the surface. And then you could have a look at the Osmo Wood Wax Finish Extra Thin this is an extra thin oil suited for use with tropical hard wood such as Iroko

Wood - IROKO (African teak) or a combination of firs / spruce- coated with oil; CUSHIONS. Ideal sponge density; Special contour treatment; Persistence, softness and elegance; High quality materials with teflon and outdoor processing properties; Stain and sunlight resistant; Possibility of removing and returning the sleev The exotic ThermoWood Iroko Hardwood provides an ideal exterior hardwood decking material once it has gone through the ThermoWood treatment, giving it improved stability and durability. It's light amber colour, paired with an elegant look captures perfection with its modern accents Teak and iroko wood samples were thermally treated at the temperatures of 160 ◦ C, 180 ◦ C and 210 ◦ C following the Thermowood process. Dioxane lignin was isolated from treated and untreated wood and analysed by nitrobenzene oxidation (NBO), size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Abstract. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of different heat treatment and varnish application combinations on hardness, scratch resistance, and glossiness of wood materials sampled from limba (Terminalia superba), iroko (Chlorophora excelsa), ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.), and Anatolian chestnut (Castenea sativa Mill.) species.The heat treatment was applied at two levels (150. Considered more of a wood treatment than a wood finish, due to it being non-drying, mineral oils will not leave a dried and solid film on wood. Light mineral oil can be used on wood crockery, such as ornate bowls. Olive Oil. Olive oil is another non-drying wood oil that is vegetable based - similar to peanut oil. Non-drying oils like.

Treatment for Iroko YBW Foru

  1. Iroko decking: treatment and maintenance. When it comes to treating your Iroko decking, we'd recommend an application of a product like Owatrol Aquadecks.A water-based finish like this is perfect for exotic hardwoods, helping to maintain the wood's beautiful original colour
  2. Highly durable and resistant to rot and insect infiltration, Iroko is an ultra-versatile choice for flooring and even boat-building. This wood material also doesn't require regular varnishing or similar treatments. Products in this category 4.8/5 Rated by 73 customer
  3. during the main heat treatment period (the total time of the process was 60 hours). The results showed that the ap-plied process caused 4.6 % decrease in density. Dimensional stability was considerably improved, with ASE values of 13.2 %
  4. Welcome to the Sikkens Wood Coatings website. For over 225 years we have stood for quality of coating systems in the Wood Products sector. Our products are used outdoors for facades, wood windows and doors as well as other dimensionally stable or unstable applications
  5. Iroko is a very durable wood. Its grain is sharp, dark and irregular, which gives it that rustic appearance. Worktop Finishing. Installation Oiling This treatment alone is not enough to protect timber but when combined with the second application, it protects the initial coat and forms a barrier against soap and alcohol etc..

Iroko Treatment John Bright Fencin

Abstract. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of different heat treatment and varnish application combinations on hardness, scratch resistance, and glossiness of wood materials sampled from limba (Terminalia superba), iroko (Chlorophora excelsa), ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.), and Anatolian chestnut (Castenea sativa Mill.) species.The heat treatment was applied at two levels (150. That beautiful rocking chair your grandfather made. Your classic hardwood floors. Wood is a lovely material with such grace and history. To keep it looking its best, you need to condition the wood, and you may need to refinish it. You have a few different options for a finish, but one type of finish suitable for a natural look is an oil.There isn't a lot of shine, so it's ideal for. (iroko), Pterygota macrocarpa (oporoporo), Triplochiton sceleroxylon (obeche) and Celtiz zenkerii (ita) were sourced from a sawmill in Akure. The sap and heart wood of these species were obtained from freshly sawn logs. Ten samples of the sap and heart wood for each wood species were cut into 35 × 35 × 450 mm Iroko is one of the traditional djembe woods. It is a very durable wood; iroko does not require regular treatment with oil or varnish when used outdoors, although it is very difficult to work with tools as it tends to splinter easily, and blunts tools very quickly. In the UK there are no trade restrictions on the machining of this timber

Iroko Garden Furniture Treatment Uncategorized September 6, 2018 Fasci Garden 0 Taking care of iroko timber seats iconic seat for outdoor es mdf italia ha05 extendo djao rakitine bench 205Pics of : Iroko Garden Furniture.. rw_keeton@yahoo.co The wood is rather abrasive due to the presence of hard deposits ('iroko stones', mainly consisting of calcium carbonate), which can blunt cutting edges. Tearing in planing can be avoided by using cutting angles of 15° or less. The wood has good nailing, screwing, mortising and gluing properties and turns easily Oiling Treatment, Care and Maintenance of Hardwood Worktops. Hardwood worktops must be thoroughly treated with at least three coats of protective wood oil, to all sides (including the underside), prior to installation. It is also beneficial to apply as many coats as possible to the end-grain of the worktops as this is the area which will.

Tali and iroko planks were heat treated at about 180 ºC under steam. The total time of the heat treatment was 63 h, and the duration time at this high temperature was 2 h. The heat treatment operation was carried out quite slowly in case there might have been a big risk of drying cracks. After heat treatment only the planks that were free o Stripping back old paint or varnish and recoating with exterior varnish ensures that the wood is protected; Exterior wood or garden furniture oil is an alternative treatment that nourishes the wood too and brings out the natural grain and pattern of the wood; Furniture covers are a must-buy to help your bench survive the harshest of weather Toxic Wood | Wood Allergies Can wood be toxic? We describe the adverse effects that wood can have to health . Although wood looks and feels such a beautiful and safe material, it can be harmful to your health, and in extreme situations can actually kill - not just because of accidents with felling trees, or unsafe operation of woodworking machinery, but because of the toxic effects of the. G-Wood's decking, which is made from ash, pine and iroko woods, provides a long-life, high-performance, and attractive treatment for terraces, gardens, bathrooms, walkways, and landscaping. Download Installation Guid Lignin was isolated from wood wastes comprising Iroko sawdust (IR) and mixed sawdust from Iroko and Norway spruce (IRNS), furnished by a local wood houses producer. The respective acidolysis lignin fractions were structurally characterized using pyrolysis (Py)-GCMS, two-dimensional heteronuclear sin

Iroko wood treatment : woodworkin

The range of wood we have found best for making windows are Red Grandis, Accoya, Oak, Idigbo, Iroko, Sapele and European Redwood (often just called softwood). However, that's not the full story. I'll break down the pros and cons, based on our experience, so you have a better idea of why these have become our favoured choices Iroko Hardwood. Iroko is also a West African timber often referred to as 'African Teak' and has many of the desirable features of oak. It varies in colour from light brown to dark brown with irregular shading. It is a strong and very durable timber that is often used in the boat building industry

Iroko hardwood is a very long lasting and extremely durable West African timber that does not require any treatment, and is a very durable classification timber giving good longevity and stability. Iroko timbers are partly inconsistent in colour due to the species type, however all timbers will naturally weather down evenly over a short period. Iroko. Iroko is a distinctive golden or medium brown hardwood, originating from the west coast of Africa. Highly durable and resistant to rot and insect infiltration, Iroko is an ultra-versatile choice for flooring and even boat-building. This wood material also doesn't require regular varnishing or similar treatments Iroko wood was the wood chosen for the pews in the Our Lady of Peace Basilica. [10] It is a very durable wood; [11] iroko does not require regular treatment with oil or varnish when used outdoors, although it is very difficult to work with tools as it tends to splinter easily, and blunts tools very quickly Iroko dries quickly and well, and is mostly resistant to distortion and splitting. Its interlocked grain makes it extremely strong and stable once dried, and the wood demonstrates an excellent strength-to-weight capacity that makes it ideal for construction purposes and ship building Iroko is a highly durable timber with a medium oily texture. It is frequently referred to as African Teak due to its durability and appearance. Iroko has a wide distribution in tropical Africa, found from Sierra Leone in the west to Tanzania in the east. Iroko confined to West Africa where it occurs from Senegal to Ghana. The wood colour is.

IROKO: a durable wood ideal for outdoor joiner

Iroko - Wikipedi

All our timber materials in this section are suitable for kitchen worktops and islands to general purpose surface spaces and desktops that require a solid wood worktop. Iroko is a brilliant alternative to teak and includes a rot resistant finish and a hardwearing structure that holds up well against insect attack SUNRISE TIMPLY CO PRIVATE LIMITED - Offering Iroko Wood, हार्डवुड, African products in Strand Road, Kolkata, West Bengal. Read about company. Get contact details and address| ID: 1383567685

Iroko Table Top 900mm Round | Solid Wood Table Tops - Top

2 layers. thickness 10,5mm. Paint in reaction to fire classification: Cfl-S1. Counterbalanced in two-layer fir. Noble mm 4 (+/- 0,5 mm) Bevelled on 4 sides. Type of installation: glued and floating However, the wood shrinks easily and needs treatment on a regular basis, as well as covering to be protected. It is used for outdoor furniture, flooring, fences posts and poles. It is a cheaper alternative to teak, but teak is more durable and long-lasting. Iroko is considered a low-cost alternative to Burmese teak,. TREATMENT. To give full protection to your softwood or hardwood gate please treat with a modern UV Oil. We recommend Restol™ Natural UV Extra Wood Oil. It will repel the water and stop the wood drying out unevenly, which can lead to warping. Softwood gates are already treated with preservative

Thermally Modified Wood Decking

1. A big badass nigga who dont give a damn abt nuthin and will smoke any mf who gets in his way. #Naija ninja lexicon hard guy, hardges, hard g 2. Used to describe an accomplished man, usually selfmade, who has become a pillar of his society. Southern Nigerian in origin made man 3. A large hardwood tree from west coast of tropical Africa. It is a very durable wood; iroko does not require. Oak (Quercus robur L.), iroko (Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg), and tauari (Couratari spp.) wood were subjected to cyclic thermo-mechanical treatment (CTMT). The densification temperature amounted to 100 °C or 150 °C. The greatest changes in the modulus of rupture (MOR) value of the iroko wood All wood worktops are A-Grade, fully sanded, top quality, square edged & ready for installation. A large range of worktop accessories have also arrived with this consignment, such as danish oil for treatment, installation kits, matching wood upstands, and more! Delivery is free of charge on any accessories when purchased with worktops The Pantagruel round picnic table seats eight. The frame is available in a powder-coated or galvanized finish. When combined with the wood used for the tabletop and benches it forms a durable outdoor picnic set. Pantagruel also features a Lazy Susan, to take the hard work out of passing food and drinks around

Best treatment for oak and iroko gates? - Page 1 - Homes

Iroko wood is sometimes called African teak. Although it is not related to teak, iroko shares one quality with teak wood: it is really hard and tough. In fact, iroko, in addition to being used as a material for worktops, is used to make outdoor furniture and parts of boats. This is testament to iroko's natural strength The exotic ThermoWood Iroko Hardwood provides an ideal exterior cladding material once it has gone through the Thermo Treatment, giving it improved stability and durability. Its light amber colour and elegant appearance captures a modern perfection. Iroko is a large hardwood tree from the west coast of tropical Africa

African Iroko is a strong, very durable timber of attractive appearance and small movement. It is suitable for many purposes for which teak is used. Appearance. Colour - African Iroko is yellowish brown, deepening to dark brown, with lighter markings. Grain - Typically interlocked and sometimes irregular A mid-priced stable wood - works well oiled although can be painted. Iroko has excellent strength properties comparing well with Teak and many of the desirable features of Oak but is a cheaper alternative to European oak. Natural chemicals in the timber give it a slightly 'oily' surface iroko timber boat deck slats wood 7mm - multiple lengths (african teak Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for IROKO HARDWOOD BOAT DECK BENCH SLATS - 17mm MULTIPLE LENGTHS (AFRICAN TEAK) at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products

- 350-year old wood paneling made from American Hardwoods - No mould and bacteria due to thermo-treatment - This design: Holey Wood. 10 beautiful designs available - 350-year old wood paneling made from American Hardwoods - No mould and bacteria due to thermo-treatment - 3D surface shows a variety of lights and shadows The thermo-treatment. Iroko ( Chlorophora excelsa) is a hardwood from tropical Africa that is used for a variety of purposes, including boat-building, domestic flooring, and furniture. It is a very durable wood; iroko does not require regular treatment with oil or varnish when used outdoors ( Bozkurt and Erdin, 1998 ) Iroko has excellent strength properties, comparing well with teak, though weaker in bending and in compression along the grain. Durability Durable. Drying The timber dries well and fairly rapidly, with only a slight tendency to distortion and splitting. Moisture Content 14% - 18% (+/- 2%) Working Qualitie Macroscopic cross-section of Iroko Wood surface of Iroko (radial section) (10 times magnification lens) Iroko Kambala Version 03, regional specific Surface treatment: The pH value is in the slightly acidic range. Defective film formation or delayed film drying may occur during pain

Iroko The Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood

Iroko. Iroko is a common tree in intertropical Africa. It is a durable wood, which does not require any preservative treatment: it therefore offers economic and ecological advantages that make it an ideal material for outdoor use Iroko - Ivory Coast Odum - Ghana The wood is of average hardness, with a medium to coarse texture and irregular veining. It is similar in appearance to teak and less expensive but is not as durable. It is not at all affected by the elements, even in humid environments, and is very resistant to fungi and insect attacks..

45 Degree Chamfer or Beveled Countertop Edge Profile

A Guide To Hardwoods The Wooden Workshop Oakford, Devo

Iroko is nice stuff - harder than mahogany but stains just as nice (looks nicer natural though). However, be very cautious with this wood; it is more allergenic than mahogany. We made an island top from it a while back and sneezed our brains out when sanding it - while wearing the dust mask Good boat building wood. My all teak planked Cheoy Lee built boat has an iroko keel and other backbone parts, with ipol frames. Iroko is in the same class as teak as far as rot resistance and so on. Many similar characteristics. However, it has a tight interlocking wavy grain that can make it difficult to work in some instances 2 random bits of information on iroko. I don't know the best solution, the waterbased one I used hasnt been particlarly long lived. 1 Most manufacturers tell you to degrease the wood before staining, meths and cellulose thinners have ben suggested. 2 It will darken with age naturally

Edge Treatments - Southside Woodshop

How to Clean Your Old Wooden Garden Furniture - Alexander Ros

All of my garden furniture is made of hardwood Iroko or English Oak. IROKO : Scientific name is Chlorophora Excelsa. Iroko is a unique and durable timber. It has properties similar to Teak. It is resistant to rot and does not need varnishing. It can be naturally left outside and its colour will be gracefully weathered into a lovely silver grey When eucalyptus wood is used for outdoor projects, such as patio furniture or outdoor structures, it's even more important to seal it to protect it from moisture. Clean the wood to remove dirt and mold before sealing. Scrub the wood with a soft bristled brush using a solution of 1 Tbsp. bleach and 5 Tbsp. dish soap mixed into a gallon of water Iroko is a timber which is listed as a sensitizer whilst the Merbau and Ipe are not. Toxicity: Some timbers are considered to be directly toxic, but fortunately for us none of those listed in the wood toxicity and allergen chart are in common use for flooring

Iroko hardwood is a very long lasting and extremely durable West African timber that does not require any treatment, and is a very durable classification timber giving good longevity and stability. Iroko timbers are partly inconsistent in colour due to the species type, however all timbers will naturally weather down evenly over a short period. Iroko is a high density, durability and mechanical strength wood, which is perfect for outdoor applications and intensive uses. It is easy to work with, and it is mainly applicable to deck, interior flooring and bridge construction. It is a practical alternative that appeals to African wood lovers. Durability: Very good Brand: Matwood Category: Matimco > Matwood > Floors > Solid Series > Iroko Construction: Solid Wood Specie 100% Exotic Iroko specie Material Source: Tree Plantation; Sustainably Sourced Treated: Yes Warranty: 10-Year warranty against termite, wood borers and fungal decay Coverage per box: 1.035 square meter per box Size per plank: 18mm x 115mm x 900mm fixed lengths Tile Type: New Click Type. Wood samples of 35 × 35 × 450mm stakes were dried in the oven at 103 ± 2 o C for 24h and treated in hot bitumen at 200 o C for 6h and left overnight after the treatment. The stakes were planted at the termites' graveyard for visual and weight loss assessment after 12weeks

DOI: 10.3390/app10145021 Corpus ID: 225591818. The Impact of Thermal Treatment on Structural Changes of Teak and Iroko Wood Lignins @article{Kackov2020TheIO, title={The Impact of Thermal Treatment on Structural Changes of Teak and Iroko Wood Lignins}, author={D. Kac{\'i}kov{\'a} and Ivan Kubovsk{\'y} and Nikoleta Ulbrikov{\'a} and Franti{\vs}ek Ka{\vc}{\'i}k}, journal={Applied Sciences}, year. Wood and water, despite what beautiful pieces of driftwood might suggest, aren't always the best combination. When unprotected and exposed to water, wood has the tendency to be stained, to warp.

What is the best exterior wood treatment? Wood Finishes

Iroko wood was also chosen for the pews in the Our Lady of Peace Basilica. Iroko can also be used in herbal medicine, with the bark milled down and used to treat coughs and even heart problems, while the latex can clear stomach and throat obstructions. The tree grows to an average of 50 metres (164 feet) and has a diameter of 75 - 250 cm TREATMENT. To give full protection to your softwood or hardwood gate please treat with a modern UV Oil. We recommend Restol™ Natural UV Extra Wood Oil.It will repel the water and stop the wood drying out unevenly, which can lead to warping Some types of exotic hardwood timber such as Ipe, Yellow Balau, Massaranduba Cumaru, Iroko, Merbau, and Teak may require a highly refined or extra thin oil such as Osmo Decking Oil for the best results. Decking Oil Reviews. Before buying any decking treatment, we always recommend that you read any deck oil reviews. Customer reviews often. Unsorted Redwood PAR Battens (To make your own Lateral Trellis), prices per linear metre. 22mm x 44mm. £1.85. 22mm x 75mm. £2.15. 22mm x 100mm. £2.65. Please note all prices are subject to VAT Interestingly, Iroko often referred to as African or Nigerian teak, and is used as a substitute for that wood owing to its colour and grain. Though it's actually not a member of the teak family, it has a character of its own, its beautiful bronze colour developing over time to a beautiful dark shade

Wood Type: Iroko and Softwood (click here for details) Finish: Softwood is pressure treated & Iroko supplied untreated ready for treatment (click here for details) Widths: From 3′ (0.915m) to 12′ (3.66m) Since wood is a living product, it will react to the moisture level in a house and will naturally contract and expand when the temperature and humidity in the room change, Rosling says. This means the size of a solid wood countertop can shift 3 to 5 millimeters [one-tenth to one-fifth of an inch] in a standard depth of 60 centimeters. Whats the best finish to use on an iroko hardwood kitchen worktop, some say oil (which oil?) some say varnish. Anybody got any answers ? thundersprite, Aug 4, 2006 #1!! New Member. Oil, osmo !!, Aug 4, 2006 #2. mr.kitchen New Member. I would use Junckers oil, but it is an ongoing project

Decking Oil or Stain, Which is Best? - Wood Finishes DirectWOCA Natural Exterior Oil 0

Timber Treatments Furnitube

Hopper is a more functional solution for a classic concept: the picnic table. The bent leg feature eliminates the awkward straddle of climbing over the benches. Aluminium or steel legs in combination with class I hardwoods ensure material longevity while the attached benches offer a clean aesthetic at all times. If you prefer a mono-material picnic table, you can opt for Hopper AA, our All. Sizes over 150mm x 150mm are available as laminated Iroko, please contact us for a price. Iroko hardwood is a very long lasting and extremely durable West African timber that does not require any treatment, and is a very durable classification timber giving good longevity and stability The wood nails and screws well, glues satisfactory and when the grain is filled, an excellent finish can be obtained. Durability: The sapwood is liable to attack by powder post beetle, but is highly resistant to termites in Africa. The heartwood is very durable and is extremely resistant to preservative treatment

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of industrial heat-treatment (ThermoWood) effect on some important properties (density, anti-swelling efficiency (ASE), electrical resistance, strength, hardness and color) of Iroko.. Iroko is a hard, particularly durable wood, which, like oak, naturally weathers to a soft grey over time, although it can also be treated in order to maintain its original colouring. Sapele is also hard - twice as hard as mahogany - and is noted for its superb shades, ranging from pink to gold, red and brown For new wood the first two coats of Tung Oil should be thinned up to 50% with white spirit, as this aids absorption, and should be applied liberally and evenly. When using a cloth, use a circular or figure of eight pattern to work into the wood, and apply until the wood stops absorbing. Allow to penetrate for 20-30 minutes before wiping off any. The grain is usually interlocked, and the texture is rather coarse but even, and the wood weighs on average 660 kg/m³ when dried. Many Tropical timbers including West African Iroko may be affected by the tiny Ambrosia beetle when the logs are fresh-felled and lying on the Forest floor in humid climates, as soon as the log is resawn and kiln.