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Chemical examination of urine ppt

Chemical examination of urine Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website Physical and chemical examination of urine 1. Physical and Chemical examinationof Urine Dr. Himil Parikh First year resident GCS Medical college, Ahmedabad Guided by- Dr. Deepak Joshi Dr. Kalpen Patel 2. Introduction • Urine can be used to look for physical and biochemical abnormalities Chemical Examination of Urine Ricki Otten MT(ASCP)SC uotten@unmc.edu Objectives: Review the objectives on page 1 and 2 of the lecture handout Objectives marked with - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 432927-NDQy - Nocturia - Passing of >500ml of urine by adult at night - Diuresis - any increase in urine volume! 2. Specific gravity A measure of amount of dissolved substances in urine, a diagnostic tool. 3. Colour - Clear, Pale yellow depending on concentration. • Chemical Examination of Urine analysis. Used to detect glucose, protein, pH, blood Notes extracted from Ma'am Camille Mendoza, RMT chemical examination of urine reagent strip simple, rapid means for performing medically significant chemical

Chemical examination of urine - SlideShar

General Urine Examination (GUE) Or Urinalysis MICROSCOPIC URINALYSIS Methodology A sample of well-mixed urine (usually 10-15 ml) is centrifuged in a test tube at relatively low speed (about 2-3,000 rpm) for 5-10 minutes until a moderately cohesive button is produced at the bottom of the tube Urine can be used to look for physical and biochemical abnormalities. To screen for and/or to aid in the diagnosis of conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes, or other metabolic conditions, to name a few.Before proceeding for examination, the specimen must be evaluated in terms of its acceptability Chemical Examination of Urine. The routine analysis of urine includes chemical test for protein, glucose, ketone bodies, occult blood, bile salts, bile pigments and urobilinogen. Proteins in urine. Urine normally contains only a scant amount of protein which derives both from blood and urinary tract itself. Mainly albumin is filtered from.

Physical and chemical examination of urin

Basic chemical examination of urine (proteins, glucose, ketone bodies, blood and hemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen) To see the positive reaction, please use as a sample being tested the imitation of urine positive for the presence of the analyte tested (container labeled with the name of the analyte). Of course, you may try to d Chemical examination of urine includes the identification of protein, blood cells, glucose, pH, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone bodies, nitrites, and leukocyte esterase. Finally, microscopic examination entails the detection of crystals, cells, casts, and microorganisms. Publication types Historical Article Review. CHAPTER Chemical Examination of Urine __ ls __ le __ ll 5 LEARNING OBJECTIVES Upon completion of this chapter, the reader will be able to: 1 Describe the proper technique for performing reagent strip testing. 2 List four causes of premature deterioration of reagent strips, and tell how to avoid them. 3 List five quality-control procedures routinely performed with reagent strip testing

CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF URINE - PROTEIN DETECTION. Add 3 to 4 drops of 3% Acetic acid. If the coagulum persists, then it is due to proteins and if it disappears it is due to phosphates ( Excess of Acetic acid may dissolve traces of proteins giving false negative reaction) Add 2 drops of nitric acid to detect the presence of mucin. If the. Routine urine examination physical, chemical and normal, abnormal constituents give detailed analysis of urine. It helps detect alterations in the composition of the urine which help in the diagnosis of many disorders, renal damage, and systemic diseases. Collection of urine Over the course of a 24-hour period, the composition and concentration. The chemical examination of urine is most commonly carried out in the surgery or outpatient clinic, by a nurse, using commercially prepared test strips. These are narrow plastic strips that hold test pads, arranged in a row. The test pads have chemicals in them. When a strip is briefly, but completely, dipped into urine, the test pads absorb. Microscopic Examination Of The Urine Sediment Is The Least Standardized And 584913 PPT. Presentation Summary : Microscopic examination of the urine sediment is the least standardized and most time-consuming part of the routine urinalysis. Protocols have been developed t

Overview. The average urine output of some common domestic species is shown in table 1. It is difficult to accurately estimate urine output. However observing the frequency and volume of urine passed can be combined with a clinical examination, history and inspection of the animal's accommodation and bedding to detect abnormalities Urinalysis : Chemical Examination and Interpretation. A urinalysis is a group of physical, chemical, and microscopic tests performed on urine. The tests detect and/or measure several substances in the urine, such as byproducts of normal and abnormal metabolism, cells, cellular fragments, and bacteria. Urine is produced by the kidneys The urine that is produced by the kidney is a by-product of some of the kidney's primary functions, which include: • Waste excretion (urea, creatinine, drug metabolites, sulfates, uric acid). A urinalysis requires 3 types of examination: • Direct observation to note color, odor, and consistency from simple visual examination to the modern automated methods. The need for trained human resources in the field is, therefore, very essential not only for patient care but also for preventive measures. In this lecture material the routine urine test, physical, chemical and microscopic examination of urine are briefly discusse

PPT - Chemical Examination of Urine PowerPoint

  1. ation of the urine. Diagnostic importance of studying the physico-chemical properties of urine, establish the level of inorganic and organic (nitrogenous and nitrogen-free) compounds, the deter
  2. ation of Urine. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools
  3. ation of urine. Chemical Chemical tests to exa
  4. ation Of Urine Renal Block 1 Lecture Upon Completion Of PPT Presentation Summary : Chemical Exa
  5. ation Of Urine! quiz which has been attempted 1458 times by avid quiz takers. Also explore over 12 similar quizzes in this category
  6. Urine concentrating mechanisms DR. EMAN EL ETER The kidney can excrete urine as dilute as 5 mOsm/L and as concentrate as high as 100-1400 mOsm/L. - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6bfd8e-NGU3
  7. ation. Precautions. Urine must be analyzed within one hour of collection if held at room temperature. Keep urine at 2 to 8°C if delayed >8 hours. If urine is kept for a longer time, then it will get a false positive test like nitrite will be positive

Jetzt Microsoft® PowerPoint® sichern und einzigartige Präsentationen erstellen The specific gravity of urine indicates the concentration of dissolved solids such as urea, phosphates, chlorides, proteins present in the urine. Normal specific gravity is 1.005 - 1.030 with most normals falling between 1.010 and 1.025. The higher the number the more concentrated the urine. Exercise 13: Chemical Examination of Urine 132 826 Views Download Presentation. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION OF URINE. CHAPTER 4. Learning Objectives. Upon completing this chapter, the reader will be able to List the common terminology used to report normal urine color. Discuss the relationship of urochrome to normal urine color. Uploaded on Nov 29, 2014. Allen Johns. urine

Urine Examination Urine Urology - Scrib

  1. Urine Chemical Screening: Part of a Complete Urinalysis 1. Physical Components. Color. Clarity. Microscopic Components. Casts. Cells. Crystals. LO 15.6 List the types of waived tests that are commonly performed on urine specimens. Notes: Urine. chemical screening: The testing of urine for various chemicals, most not normally present in the.
  2. ation of urine • Hematuria is the presence of abnormal numbers of red cells in urine due to any of several possible causes. - glomerular damage, - tumors which erode the urinary tract anywhere along its length, - kidney trauma, - urinary tract stones, - acute tubular necrosis, - upper and lower urinary tract infections, - nephrotoxins • WBC in high numbers.
  3. Red urine may be due to blood, haemoglobin, or beetroot. Iron supplements may cause a dark brown specimen, as might amounts of prophobilin or urobilin (a chemical produced in the intestines) Normal urine is also transparent. Turbid or cloudy urine may result from infection the presence of blood cells, bacteria or yeast (eg Candida)
  4. ation. This specimen is the most concentrated and therefore the most suitable for lab exa
  5. ation for Normal constituents Organic Constituents •Uric acid: • To 2 ml of urine add 1 ml of Bendict's reagent , then heated in a boiling water bath for three
  6. ation of thepatient

4 Chemical- Examination-OF- Urine - StuDoc

1. Practice the procedure for performing a chemical examination of urine following the step-by-step procedure. 2. Demonstrate your understanding of this lesson by: a. Completing a written examination successfully, and b. Performing the procedure for the chemical examination of urine satisfactorily for the instruc-tor This free Urine Analysis medical ppt is one of the free medical PowerPoint templates available for medical and healthcare professionals on MedicPresents.com. Be effective with all your medical PowerPoint presentations by easily filling your medical and healthcare content in our free Urine Analysis medical background for PowerPoint

(PDF) Chemical-Examination-of-Urine

Urinalysis is a valuable tool used to diagnose and monitor renal and urinary tract illnesses. Typically it is a moderate- to high-sample volume test for a general chemistry lab, representing up to 30% of all samples received. Routine urinalysis consists of macroscopic examination, chemical analysis, and microscopic urine sediment examination Objectives - Urine Examinations Discuss the importance of urinalysis in confirming a diagnosis Describe the steps for collecting urine from livestock and small animals Describe the steps in physical examinations of urine Describe chemical examination of urine Describe the steps in microscopic examination of urine Perform physical, chemical and microscopi The first article in this 2-part series discussed collection, sample handling, and initial evaluation of urine in small animals (March/April 2014, available at tvpjournal .com). This article will describe more detailed evaluation, including chemical analysis and microscopic examination of sediment. CHEMICAL ANALYSI

Chemical Screening of Urine by Reagent Strip. This course discusses the chemical tests that are an integral part of a urinalysis. Proper specimen handling and technique are discussed for key tests, including pH, specific gravity, protein, glucose, ketones, bilirubin, blood, nitrites, urobilinogen, and leukocyte esterase Chemical Examination: It includes test for albumin, glucose, ketone bodies, bile salts, bile pigments, urobilinogen, etc. Albumin: Normal urine may contain trace, i.e. upto 2 to 3 mgm/100 ml of urine. Albuminuria means presence of albumin and globulin in the urine. Following methods can detect albumin in urine. a. Heat and Acid Test Normally, urine in the bladder and the urinary tract from kidney to the last third of the urethra is sterile. When the urinary tract becomes infected with bacteria, an inflammation at the site of infection results in symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI), and significant numbers of bacteria and white blood cells (WBC) appear in the urine b. Toluene:1 ml per 50 ml of urine. It acts by forming a surface layer and it preserves the chemical constituents of urine. c. Formalin: 6-8 drops of 40% formalin per 100 ml of urine. It preserves rbcs and pus cells. d. Disadvantage is that it gives false positive test for sugars. e.Thymol: 1% of thymol is used

Physical Examination of Urine - BIOSCIENC

Biochemistry Class notes: Urinalysis : Chemical Examinatio

The clarity of the urine is determined by substances in the urine. The presence of bacteria and high amount of cells and protein may turn the urine turbid [4, 5]. Chemical Analysis. The pH of the urine may be associated with renal stones. Acidic urine is related to uric acid and cysteine calculi Urine chemistry is a group of one or more tests done to check the chemical content of a urine sample. Learn more about this test or book an appointment today. Looks like you're visiting UCSF Health on Internet Explorer

Commercial two-vials kits are available for this purpose. Preserved specimens can be stored for several months. For additional information on stool collection, call the Division of Parasitic Diseases at (404) 718-4110. DPDx is an educational resource designed for health professionals and laboratory scientists Each urine specimen was examined by 1 experienced technician (VK). Automated Urine Analyzers UX-2000. The UX-2000 has 2 component analyzers in a single platform, namely, a chemical component for analyzing the physical and chemical parts of urine and a flow cytometry component for microscopic examination of sediments Microscopic examination of urine A variety of normal and abnormal crystals may be present in the urine sediment 25. Chemical analysis of urine • The chemical analysis of urine us undertaken to evaluate the levels of the following componen: - Protein - Glucose - Ketones - Occult blood - Bilirubin - Urobilinogen - Bile salt Examination of urine •Is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine urine examination (microscopic) •Pathology represents the presence of 3 or more RBC per high power field (HPF) in a spun urine sediment •Dipstick for hemedetect 1 to 2 RBC per HPF •Dipsticks are at least as sensitive as urine sediment examination, but result in more false positive tests •Positive dipstick test needs to be confirmed wit

The analysis of the urine for protein, other chemical substances and formed elements is termed urinalysis. The presence of protein and other substances is determined by using chemical methods. The presence of formed elements, like blood cells, crystals and casts, is determined by microscopic examination. Urine pH (pH - Normal, fresh urine is pale to dark yellow or amber in color and clear. - Normal urine volume is750 to 2000 ml/24hr. - Turbidity or cloudiness may be caused by excessive cellular material or protein in the urine. - A red or red-brown (abnormal) color could be from a food dye, a drug, or the presence of hemoglobin

Introduction to urinalysis: historical perspectives and

fresh urine can occur due to presence of bacteria, leukocytes, lipids, phosphates, carbonates, uric acid, leucine, tyrosine, and oxalates. Chemical or microscopic examination of urine can differentiate among these causes of turbidity. Relative specific gravit Alkaline urine will result in the formation of amorphous phosphates, with a white, cloudy appearance. The amorphous phosphates can be cleared from the specimen if needed for microscopic examination by adding a drop of acetic acid to the specimen. Urine clarity provides clues concerning the type and number of formed elements present in the specimen Practical Biochemistry- Chemical Examination of urine- Viva questions. 25 Nov. Q1. -Whatare the solid components of urine in normal health? Answer- Urine is a fluid composed ofwater (95%), inorganic and organic solids (5%) which include: A) Chief inorganic solids :- Sodium, Potassium, Chlorides, In addition, smaller amounts of calcium. The diagnosis must be made in light of the clinical history, somatic examination, blood and urine tests, including urine microscopy . Several articles report good correlation between various findings in urine sediments and disease, such as the presence of granular and cellular casts of tubular epithelia in cases of acute tubular necrosis (9, 10)

Chemical Examination of Urine - Protein Detection

  1. Final Exam 1. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of wastewater 2. Fundamentals of biological wastewater treatment 3. Suspended growth treatment systems Midterm Exam Course Evaluation Quiz & HM 25% Mid term Exam 25% Final Exam 50
  2. Urine is an ultrafiltrate of the blood plasma and fluid created in the kidney and stored in the urinary bladder. It is a waste product and it can give us a wealth of information! Many metabolic diseases can be detected and monitored via the urine. Urine is mostly water with dissolved metabolites
  3. ation. Urine is an ultra-filtrate of plasma from which substances essential to the body are reabsorbed and through which those substances not needed are excreted. The nature and amount of substances present in urine reflect ongoing physiological processes in health and disease states
  4. utes. Cool under tap water or by placing in a beaker containing tap water. Observe the color change and precipitate formation and analyse the test result

3 -Examination of the rumen. -Pregnancy diagnosis -Examination of the urinary bladder & kidneys. Types of Palpation: 1-Resielent as normal palpation of healthy rumen. 2-Doughly as palpation of the rumen on case of impaction, abscess or edema. 3-Emphysematous: as in subcutaneous emphysema. or ruminal tempany 4-Firm as palpation of normal superficial lymph node 4. Perform chemical examination of the urine. 5. Perform microscopic examination of the urine. a. Identify. all c. ellular elements in the urine specimen after centrifugation and decanting 11 ml of urine and utilizing the standardized . report format for our lab. 6. Identify special screening tests in urinalysis. 7 Chemical Examination Of Urine Ppt Download High Bilirubin Levels Meaning Symptoms And Tests Chemical Examination Of Urine Part Iii Ketones Blood Liver Function Tests Part 1 Bilirubin Jaundice And Lft Liver Function Test Cldf Liver Disease In Infants Guideline Independent 2 X Liver Disease Bilirubin Hepatitis Cirrhosis Home Urine. It therefore comes as no surprise that the laboratory examination of urine specimens accounts for a large part of the workload in many hospital-based laboratories. In fact, in many clinical laboratories, urine cultures are the most common type of culture, accounting for 24%-40% of submitted cultures; as many as 80% of these urine cultures are.

The specific gravity of urine in 24 hours lies between 1.003 and 1.030 and varies according to concentration of solutes in the urine. The figures in the second and third decimal places, multiplied by 2.66 (Long's coefficient) give roughly the to­tal solids in the urine in gm./L. 50 gm. of solids are the average normal for the day Urine pH reflects the degree of acidification of urine; hence it is a measure of the urine hydrogen ion concentration. Urine pH normally ranges from 4.5 to 8.0 based on the prevailing systemic acid-base balance. Examination of urine pH is most useful in the workup of a metabolic acidosis Examination of paired specimens (5 to 10 ml each) should always be made for antibodies to the enteric group of Salmonella (Widal test) and Bru­cella species. (ii) Examination of Urine: Routine examina­tion should be carried out to exclude the infection of urinary tract

Explain the importance of the microscopic examination. Describe the correct preparation of the urine sediment. Recognize cells, casts, bacteria, yeast, crystals, and other structures that may be present in urine sediment. Recognize artifacts in urine sediment and distinguish from significant findings sulfosalicylic acid test for urine protein is important information accompanied by photo and HD pictures sourced from all websites in the world. Download this image for free in High-Definition resolution the choice download button below. If you do not find the exact resolution you are looking for, then go for a native or higher resolution

(PDF) Collection & Preservation of Urine magendira mani

A logical approach to the evaluation of a patient with acute kidney injury is presented in Table 5.3.All patients presenting with acute kidney injury require a careful history and examination, urinalysis and urine microscopy, plasma and urine biochemistry analysis and full blood count. In general, urinary tract obstruction should be excluded early on with a renal ultrasound A urinalysis tests a person's urine for signs of disease, infection, or other issues. The test involves the examination of different aspects of the urine, including: appearance (cloudy or clear. urine, the dipstick evaluation, and the microscopic examination. With a few exceptions (i.e., urine samples positive for glucose or ketones give a larger proportion of false negatives for leukocytes, and patients with clinically significant crystalluria will typically have negative dipsticks)

Functions of the Liver. 1. Carbohydrate Metabolism. Storage of glycogen: The excess of glucose in body is converted by liver into glycogen and liver stores that glycogen. Normally liver contains about 6% glycogen. By converting glucose to glycogen, the liver prevents the occurrence of hyperglycemia after a carbohydrate meal which could result. Since urine culture is an important component of the evaluation, advise the patient to urinate approximately 2 hours before the examination so that culture and examination results are optimal and the patient can comfortably provide a urine specimen after the examination Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an aminoacidopathy secondary to an enzyme defect in the catabolic pathway of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Accumulation of these 3 amino acids and their corresponding keto acids leads to encephalopathy and progressive neurodegeneration in untreated infants Purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of two rings (pyrimidine and imidazole) fused together.It is water-soluble.Purine also gives its name to the wider class of molecules, purines, which include substituted purines and their tautomers.They are the most widely occurring nitrogen-containing heterocycles in nature Visual exam. A lab technician examines the urine's appearance. Urine is typically clear. Cloudiness or an unusual odor may indicate a problem, such as an infection. Blood in the urine may make it look red or brown. Urine color can be influenced by what you've just eaten. For example, beets or rhubarb may add a red tint to your urine. Dipstick tes

Chemical examination - Lab Tests Online A

Samples may be stored at 36-46°F (2-8°C) for up to 24 hours for chemical urinalysis tests; however, the microscopic examination should be performed within four hours of collection, if possible. To minimize sample contamination, women who require a urinalysis during menstruation should insert a fresh tampon before providing a urine sample positive result. A separate examination was completed using urine samples from patients taking DMAA. When samples from patients taking DMAA were tested, concentrations at or.6.9 mg/mL returned false-positive results for both kits (Table I)(7). Yee and Wu (8) described three reports of women prescribed labetalol testing positive for amphetamines An MSU may also be obtained for near-patient urine testing and other tests, such as toxicology screening to identify causes of poisoning or drug overdose. The collection of an MSU must be performed as part of a holistic assessment and must be considered alongside the presenting signs and symptoms (Box 3)

PPT - URINALYSIS (MLT 305) LECTURE ONE PowerPoint

Ppt Urinalysis-microscopic Powerpoint Presentations and

  1. Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12: The Excretory System Waggy Key Concepts The Kidney The principal function of the kidney is to 1) urea 2) uric acid 3) creatinine The kidneys are more than excretory organs: That is why a doctor can tell so much from a urine sample
  2. ation of urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and other body fluids as well as quality control, quality assurance and safety
  3. Patients may present in many different ways (e.g., with sepsis, hypotension, decreased urine output, lower urinary tract symptoms, or oedema). Suspect AKI when there is an acute rise in serum creatinine and/or a fall in urine output. More severe AKI can be complicated by hyperkalaemia and acidaemia along with uraemic encephalopathy or pericarditis

Physical examination of urine — Vet Nursing Educatio

To ensure that good specimens are provided for examination, it is important to note the following points. 1. A clean dry container must be used for the collection of faecal samples. Urine and water will destroy trophozoites, if present, and the presence of dirt also causes identification problems. 2 Centrifugation of a 10-mL aliquot of urine at 400 g (2,000 rpm) for 10 minutes. Removal by suction of 9.5 mL of supernatant urine. Gentle, but thorough, resuspension with a pipette of the sediment in the remaining 0.5 mL of urine. Transfer by pipette of 50 μL of resuspended urine to a slide Microscopic examination of urine sediment should be part of a routine urinalysis. For centrifugation, 3-5 mL of urine is transferred to a conical centrifuge tube. Urine is centrifuged at 1,000-1,500 rpm for ~3-5 min. The supernatant is decanted, leaving ~0.5 mL of urine and sediment in the tip of the conical tube

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1. Introduction. An accurate urine sediment analysis is a good indicator of the status of the renal and genitourinary system. General indications for urinalysis are: the possibility of urinary tract infection or urinary stone formation; non-infectious renal disease secondary to systemic diseases such as rheumatic diseases, hypertension, toxaemia of pregnancy, or to the adverse effects of drugs. ingestion!and!death.!In!many!cases!ofacute!poisoning,!undissolved!capsules! or!tablets!maybe!discovered,!allowingrelativelysimple!drugor!poison Urine Analysis Sample Collection and Microscopic Examination Urine analysis is the term used to refer to the test used to evaluate a urine sample. Typically, this test is used for the purposes of assessing a wide range of disorders, which may include kidney disease, urinary tract infection (UTI) dehydration as well as diabetes